Open Access Journal of Scientific, Technology & Engineering Research

International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

IJTEEE Volume 3 - Issue 10, October 2015 Edition - ISSN 2347-4289

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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Mohd Ramzi Mohd Hussain, Foziah Johar

ABSTRACT: The context of the planning organisation and the operation of political processes in the planning organisation have a substantial impact on the outcome of computerisation. However, there is also a need to consider the activities and characteristics of the individuals. The activity of individual planning staff can substantially affect the development and utilisation of computer-based systems. This paper explores the contributions of individual planning staff as an actor of GIS translation at the Department of Urban Planning (DUP) and the Master Plan Department (MPD) in Kuala Lumpur City Hall (KLCH) Malaysia. The paper employed a semi-structured interview to investigate role played by the individual planning staff and activities of the department. The findings demonstrate that the organisational context, people and technology has made a highly significant contribution in obtaining the resources necessary for the translation of computer-based information systems in the MPD and the DUP.

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Wasmia Al-Houty, Manaf Behbehani, Mishari Aborbiya

Abstract: A study of the flora, fauna, environmental parameters and chemical analyses of water and sediment in 12 ephemeral pools in the State of Kuwait was conducted at various dates during 2013-2015 to assess their physical, chemical and biological characteristics. The flora in and around the pools was represented by 11 species of flowering gymnosperm plants belonging to 7 orders dominated by representatives of Caryophyllales in addition to one species of the genera Rhizophora. A total of 21 faunal species were found belonging to two phyla only; Arthropoda (Insecta, Crustacea and Arachnida) and Chordata (Amphibia and Pisces). The insects were represented by 5 orders with 15 species in various developmental stages in comparison with only two species of Crustacea and one species each for Arachnida, Amphibia and two species of Pisces.No significant differences were found between pools in most of their environmental characteristics except for salinity.Some pools showed higher values for sulphate concentration in the water and the soil due to receiving treated sewage water. Others had very high values of chloride and nitrate.

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Patil Amrit T., Bendre Pallavi G.

ABSTRACT: A multimode radio communication technology that is based on software defined wireless communication protocols instead of hardware implementations. It means that, modulation technique, air interface protocol and functionality can be upgraded with software download and update instead of a total hardware substitution. It provides an efficient and protected solution to the difficulty of building multi-mode and multifunctional wireless communication devices. A multimode radio is able to being re-programmed or reconfigured to operate with different waveforms and protocols through dynamic loading of novel waveforms and protocols. These waveforms and protocols can contain several different parts, including modulation techniques and performance characteristics explained in software as part of the waveform itself. A multimode radio is mostly used basic digital modulation techniques. This is achieved by combining basic modulation techniques together. The global wireless communication application requires a flexible and updated radio system. A Multimode radio is steps towards future wireless communication technology.We have suggested a new multimode wireless radio. We have analyzed the performance of this new multimode radio. We have considered important performance metrics of multimode radio such as SNR, BER and signal constellation. This simulation is done by using the MATLAB.

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Ouafaa Bouaissa, Mohamed Kadiri, Abderrahmane Merzouki

ABSTRACT: After the last glacial period, the significantly increase of global temperature has dramatically impacted the ecosystems functioning. The aim of this study is to understand the impact of past climate change on vegetation especially on two emblematic species in Morocco which are Cedrus atlantica (Manetti ex Endl.) Carrière and Abies maroccana Trabut. Here we present the results of 8.5m fossil record collected in the western part of the Rif Mountains covering more than 9000 cal BP years. The age model is based on 10 AMS 14C dates. Pollen content, charcoal remains, particles size, and some geochemical elements were analyzed. Besides the geological coring, a series of surface samples from Talassemtane National Park towards our coring site were collected to determine the range of pollen transport. The fossil record showed that Atlas cedar was strongly present since the early Holocene; however, after 6000 cal BP it declines aggressively due probably to a climate change and their replacement with more drought-tolerant evergreen species, then disappeared from the studied site at about 2000 cal BP. The Moroccan fir was not recorded during the Holocene except for few pollen grains during the last 1000 years probably transported from few fir populations that were present not far from the studied site. This hypothesis was confirmed by the modern samples showing that fir pollen is transported on very short distances. The overall data tend to suggest that the decline of Cedar forests in the Rif is probably related to natural factors rather than to anthropogenic activities.

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Dr. Angelica Ordanza Cortez

ABSTRACT: Bacillus cereus as an endemic, soil-dwelling, rod-shaped bacteria that can cause food-borne illness is harmful to humans while it is true that other strains can be beneficial as probiotics for animals. This characteristics of B. cereus made way in determining its effectiveness as protectant and eradicant to selected fruits and vegetable pathogens such as Klebsiella pneumonia, Alcaligenes spp., Xanthomonas spp., and Proteus vulgaris. Through In-Vitro analysis, B. cereus as a protectant was most effective within 12 to 24 hours as antagonist against Alcaligenes spp., and Klebsiella pneumonia but not against Xanthomonas spp. As protectant for 36 to 48 hours, B. cereus was most effective antagonist against Proteus vulgaris but not against Xanthomonas spp.Bacillus cereus as an eradicant for 24 hours was not effective as antagonist against all pathogens but for 48 hours, it was most effective as antagonist against Alcaligenes spp but was not effective against Klebsiella pneumonia.

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Isa Zaharaddeen

ABSTRACT: In four consecutive month along 8 stations, groundwater parameters such as turbidity, total hardness, temperature, TDS, nitrate, pH, E CON, chloride and BOD, were determined on the groundwater of Birnin Gwari North West of Nigeria. Aims to assess the spatial and temporal distribution of some physiochemical parameters of water quality. Inverse distance weighted method of the Geographical Information Systems is used to prepare the distribution map of physiochemical parameters of groundwater. The spatial distribution result was subjected to correlation and principal component analysis (PCA). The results of study show that the physiochemical parameters of groundwater quality varies both spatially and temporally in the study area despite that most of the parameter in temporal distribution area not conformity with WHO standard except for temperature and pH, while the spatial distribution of parameters such as turbidity, temperature, pH and chloride, clearly show that some area on the map have desirable limit value of WHO standard. The correlation result show that the parameter share a common origin source except for pH and chloride which uncorrelated with temperature and TDS with BOD. While the PCA result shows that does with strong loading are important parameter for spatial distribution of water quality.

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Nibitha N S, Soumya A V

ABSTRACT: There is growing interest in renewable energy around the world. Since most renewable sources are intermittent in nature, it is a challenging task to integrate renewable energy resources into the power grid infrastructure. Distribution systems provide standby service during utility outages and when operated during peak load hours, potentially reduce energy costs. This paper presents a grid interfacing inverter that compensates power quality problems and it can also interface renewable energy sources with the electric grid. The grid interfacing inverter can effectively be utilized to perform following functions such as transfer of active power harvested from the renewable resources, load reactive power demand support, current harmonic compensation at PCC and current unbalance and neutral current compensation in case of 3-phase 4-wire system. Hysteresis current control method is used to generate gate pulses. Total Harmonic Distortion of the grid connected system is analysed. The grid interface inverter configuration with IGBT is designed and the graphic models of the Grid Interfacing inverter are developed.Total Harmonic Distortion of the grid connected system is analysed and it is reduced using Harmonic Current Extraction Method using SRF theory are done using MATLAB/SIMULINK.

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Tesfaye Feyisa, Getnet Assefa, Mengistu Urge

ABSTRACT: Effect of supplementation with different proportions of breweries dried grain and Maize bran mixtures on feed intake, digestibility, milk yield and milk composition of crossbred dairy cows were assessed at Holetta Agricultural Research Center by using five crossbred cows of similar milk yield (8-10 kg/d), body weight (355+47), age of lactation (early lactation), but differ in parities arranged in 5*5 single Latin square design; being started at December/2010 and finished at March/2011. Experimental animals were fed ad libitum natural pasture hay basal diet and supplemented with different treatments; T1 = Concentrate mix that consisted 65% wheat bran, 33% noug (Guizotia abysinica) seed cake and 2 % salt, T2 = 20% breweries dried grain (BDG) + 78% maize bran (MB) + 2% Salt ; T3 = 38% BDG + 60% MB + 2% Salt ; T4 = 58% BDG + 40% MB + 2% Salt and T5 = 78% BDG + 20% MB + 2% Salt. Laboratory analysis of experimental feeds showed that all ingredient feeds except maize bran had adequate CP content required for moderate level of ruminant production, which is greater than 15%, a level that is usually required to support lactation and growth. Dry matter and metabolisable energy intakes were the same in all groups while basal diet and crude protein intakes were significantly different where by cows maintained on T1 ration consumed high basal intake with the average daily intake of 8.04 kg/d. Similarly, significantly higher (P<0.001) CP intakes were recorded for T1 and T5 groups with the average value of 1.56 and 1.54 kg/d, respectively. Treatment effects were also non-significant (P>0.05) for apparent dry matter digestibility and apparent acid detergent fiber digestibility, but significance difference (P<0.05) existed for apparent crude protein digestibility, apparent metabolisable energy digestibility and apparent neutral detergent fiber digestibility whereby animals consumed T5 concentrate diet digest higher (P<0.01) CP than those on T2, T3 and T4. In addition to this, animals that received T3 and T5 concentrate diet digested higher (P<0.05) NDF than those consumed T1 concentrate diet. Milk yield, milk protein, lactose and total solids were not affected by experimental rations, but significant variation was existed for milk fat between animals fed with the different experimental rations whereby cows consumed T1 gave milk with high (P<0.05) fat of 4.62% when compared to T2 (4.14%) and T5 (4.06%). The average daily milk yields were 10.28, 9.72, 10.20, 10.66 and 10.79 kg in T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5, respectively. Economic analysis showed that T5 concentrate diet was economically feasible than the control group and the remaining dietary treatments. However, due to significantly lower milk fat in T5 than the control, it can be concluded that breweries dried grain and maize bran mix at the proportion of 58% BDG +40% MB+2% Salt (T4) can be proposed as alternative concentrate diet for the control (T1) for lactating dairy cows.

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Abdulmalik Muhammed, Danladi Eli, Idodo Maxwell

An evaluation of the level of background radiation was carried out at Shanu village in Minna, Niger state, Nigeria. A portable Geiger-Mueller tube-based environmental digital radiometer (Digilert Nuclear Radiation Monitor, S.E International, Inc. USA) calibrated by gamma (γ) rays from cesium (Cs) source was used for the measurement. A total of ten (10) points was surveyed across the village for level of background radiation. The radiation dose rate varies from 0.0268mR/hr to 0.0311mR/hr. In all ten points surveyed the mean dose rate was 0.0128mR/hr with a standard deviation of 0.000879mR/hr. This is about 17% deviation from the standard background radiation value of 0.011mR/hr. This result could simply be attributed to natural sources (cosmic and terrestrial) and also the possibility of radionuclide sources in the environment. The average annual effective dose obtained from this study is 1.1213mSv/y which is still less than the current average radiation dose to the world’s population from natural sources of radiation of 2.4mSv/y as reported by the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR).

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M. Hamdy El-Awady, Salem M. Hamza, Ahmed H. Mangood, Amin A. Soliman

A coagulation-flocculation process, using three different phases of aluminum derivatives, namely; Alum Al2(SO4)3.18H2O, Poly-aluminum chloride (PAC) [Al2(OH)xCl6-x]n; Potassium aluminum sulfate (PAS) KAl(SO4)212H2O have been studied, respectively. Optimum operating conditions have been established to achieve the optimal parameters and to achieve the maximum removal of pollutants in the constructed water treatment plants. River Nile, Egypt is the main source for drinking water and major other activities. Nile water contains suspended solids and colloidal particles that are normally treated by coagulation-flocculation followed by clarification. Alum, PAC and PAS have been studied to establish the optimum suspension removal, which are the most common types of coagulants in water treatment plants in Egypt as well in many other countries. Coagulants were investigated with the aim of determining their capabilities to reduce turbidity and other contaminants in drinking water to the required drinking standards. In Egypt; conventional drinking water treatment plants are including pre-chlorination, coagulation/flocculation, filtration and disinfection which didn't improve the utilization of coagulation that led to high consumption of coagulant and coagulant aid, pH adjustment, high residual aluminum, high cost treatment and mass production of sludge. The effect of seasonal variation, including temperature, pH fluctuation, alkalinity, pre-chlorination, and coagulant’s doses relative to Zeta potential have been studied to find out the optimal operating conditions.

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Hannan Ansari, Wasim Khan, Faizan Ahmad

ABSTRACT: As we know that we are living in Information World or we can say that we are living in Internet World. Now days we are all depend on Internet. It is very difficult for us that how we will secure our data, our system from Hackers, Intruders, Viruses, Worms and Some others Malicious activities. If we protect our Network, Hosts and O.S through any new technologies like IDSs then we can secure 90% transactions over the secure channel during Transmission of data on Internet. Due to these reasons I am focusing on a particular field that name is Operating System. You know that OS is a backbone of a particular system or Host. This Research paper is based on OS level Intrusion detection.

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