International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

IJTEEE Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2016 Edition - ISSN 2347-4289

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
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Ikpe Aniekan, Owunna Ikechukwu

Due to rapid human population in the world, high rate of consumption and urbanisation has been the result, which has led to massive increase in Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generation. Various areas of review in this study reveals that MSW is becoming a global concern primarily in developing countries where the high cost of acquiring waste treatment infrastructures have diverted the attention of stake holders to cheap alternatives. Furthermore, review on China as a developing country revealed landfill/open dumping as a major waste management practice which does not only have the potentials of causing regional impacts such as acidification, but can also result in global impacts such as global warming which the entire world is desperately working towards minimising. Also, review on Germany as advanced country revealed recycling as the primary method of waste management practice which utilises the principles of waste management hierarchy and thus, regulations and policies on MSW handling in Germany led to zero waste disposal at landfills. Moreover, various MSW treatment technologies were assessed in terms of capital cost, effectiveness with regards to energy production and environmental impacts. The result of the assessment showed that some waste treatment technologies (incineration and pyrolysis) though cost effective, may require further development to improve the current standard to meet the waste management policies and directives. Contrary, some wastes treatment technologies such as anaerobic digestion is not versatile in terms of handling all kinds of waste, but has been proven very effective in the treatment of organic waste with minimal cost and emission potentials. However, the findings revealed that conventional gasification technology requires low capital cost with minimal toxicity in the emissions, but requires further developments in the waste treatment versatility. The study also reveals that landfill requires more developments than every other waste treatment technologies due to the drawbacks associated with the process. Finally, plasma arc gasification technology though cost intensive and not widely used, proves to be a very good option with exceptional qualities over other MSW treatment technologies.

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Margareta Maria Sudarwani

A traditional house is an historic building that has architectural, aesthetic, historic, documentary, archeological, economic, social and even political and spiritual or symbolic values; but the first impact is always emotional, for it is a symbol of our cultural identity and continuity- a part of our heritage (M. Feilden, 2003:1). Therefore it is very important to study traditional houses for example Kampung Naga traditional houses in Tasikmalaya, Indonesia as one of cultural heritages that should be conserved. The objective of this study was to identify and analyze the characteristics of house pattern of Kampung Naga in Tasikmalaya. This study is entitled: “ A study on the House Pattern of Kampung Naga in Tasikmalaya, Indonesia”, by using qualitative descriptive which having explorative descriptive analysis approach. A traditional house has specific characteristics such as climate adaptive design, traditional ornaments, and local materials (Budihardjo, 1996:5-8). Therefore to study the house pattern of a traditional house must examine the elements of architecture consist of: building form and the organization of space, traditional ornaments, and buiding component and local material. Kampung Naga traditional houses are characterized by panggung house with the umpak pondation. This type of construction used to be very genial in solving site characteristic and local climate. Willingness the people of Kampung Naga maintain a harmonious relationship with nature spawned a lot of indigenous knowledge that is very useful for the preservation of environmental capacity. Kampung Naga’s traditional houses, space structure, beutiful natural landscape, rich farmlands, and their local wisdom give Kampung Naga sense of tradition, history and regional identification that remains resistance to the encroaching values of modern society.

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Dr. Magdi Mohammed Mohammed Ahmed Hmoda, Dr. Abdelrahman Elsharif Karrar

Industrial nerve network (Artificial Neural Networks ANN) It is a system to deal with evidence In simulates and resembles the method used by neural networks Natural To humans or the organism (i.e. the human nervous system).. Neural network (Neural Network) contains a large number of (small systems to process information) called cell Neural Neuron. A proposal And Theory Sports Describe How Are Labor in Cell Nerve Natural Human...and here Are Exchange References Nerve from Hives to Hives Other in Device Nervous Natural. Any in Network Nerve Natural Neuronal networks generally consist simple processing elements are simple job but the overall behavior of the network is determined through communication between these various elements, called neurons here and indicators of these elements element parameters. The first to suggest the idea of neural networks came from the work of brain neurons that can be likened to biological electrical networks to process information to the brain mechanism. Each neural knot receive a set of input by tribal contacts neurons and all knots have continued activation activation function or continued conversion transfer function, node determines when and how it works any moment and the value of the output that you should give just as biological neuron. The attempt to build neural networks by programming (ie the neural network is a computer program) put an end to the number of neutrons that we want to use to solve a particular problem. Today this way can the use of a few hundred neurons only because of the difficulty teaching neuronal networks.

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International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

IJTEEE Open Access Journal