IJTEEE

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International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)
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IJTEEE Volume 4 - Issue 6, June 2016 Edition - ISSN 2347-4289

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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Md. Anwar Hossain, Uzzal Saha, A.K.M. Rahman, Md. Abdur Rashid, Azman Hamid, Md. Rafiqul Islam, Mohiuddin Ahmad

This paper deals with the necessity of clinical engineering, its present status and future trends in developing countries such as Bangladesh. In 1992's the ACCE is defined that "Clinical Engineer is a professional who supports and advances patient care by applying engineering and managerial skills to healthcare technology". Moreover, we examine that clinical engineering is directly involved in health care management to ensure technical part of health care technology management as well as this professional relates with other health care technology management personnel for inservice education and training. Equipment operators , Intensivist, medical technologists, clinical engineering technologists, biomedical equipment technicians and so forth of this country could not reach in standard level about the safe use and primary level maintenance of medical devices. Clinical engineering practice is unknow to developing countries such as Bangladesh. As the result, more than 65% medical equipment in the public hospitals of Bangladesh could not be kept in safe functtional condition. In this study, we makes a comparison among clinical engineers and conventionally trainee electrical / mechanical engineers for the life cycle management of medical devices as well as current practice of clinical engineers in our country. Finally, we describe the future trends of clinical engineers for the life cycle management of medical equipment in the health care services of Bangladesh. This research l explores the necessity of clinical engineers in the hospitals of Bangladesh to keep the medical equipment in safe functional condition. Accordingly, a clear cut picture of necessity of clinical engineering professional will be detected. Prsent performance of convetionally engineers and clinical engineers will be differenciated. Finally future trends of this professional will descibe in this paper.. This research will help to improve present unpleasant condition of life cycle management of medical equipment in the health care management. As the result a qualitative and quantitative health care services will sustain in Bangladesh which currently seem to disputable. We get proven record that the developed and most of the developing countries establish standard HCTM by introducing the clinical engineering professional. But in this country this professional seems to new and hence an unpleasant situation of life cycle management of medical equipment is seriously polluted health care services of Bangladesh. We firmly believe that our novel approach will be guided and encouraged to health care planners of developing countries such as Bangladesh to produce and introduce the clinical engineering professional for the standard operating of the life cycle management of medical equipment.

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Stephen Arapel Yatich, Dr. William Sakataka

The CDF has, since its establishment in the year 2003, become entrenched as a key instrument of rural development. The main objective of the research was to establish challenges facing the adoption of project management practices on CDF projects success in Kenya with focus on Kapenguria Constituency in West Pokot County. Whereas various developments have been achieved in terms of CDF set projects, there remains an outcry and dissatisfaction from stakeholders and community members seen as beneficiaries on the management of the projects. This is blamed on ineffective or lack of proper project planning and design tools and principles conducted by Constituency Development Fund Committee (CDFC). The study adopted descriptive survey design and involved the researcher using pre-designed questionnaire and administering the same to respondents. The questionnaire included both closed and open ended questions. The population of study was 30 respondents who were composed of CDF Project Management Committee (10), CDF Manager (1) and opinion leaders/project beneficiaries (19). The study was justified by the fact that despite numerous reviews, CDF projects remain partially ineffective. It was significant for present and future project implementation undertaking in order to make them effective in improving development in the Constituency. The findings of the study indicate that the use of planning tools in project planning is above average although it still faces challenges like lack of necessary knowledge-ability, equipment and commitment. The study results also indicate that corruption and misappropriation of funds, inadequate monitoring and evaluation of the projects initiated at community level and poor prioritization of com-munity needs by the management committees were the major challenges facing implementation of the projects. This is supported by what Kibebe and Mwirigi (2014) observed in their journal on factors influencing effective implementation of CDF projects in Kimilili constituency. It was also established that there is a good process of project selection but there was a sheer disregard of such processes. The study recommends that, there should be a policy direction to address skill gap in the membership of CDF committee members and PMCs in charge of various projects concerning the planning process, that for project success all stakeholders must be involved in the planning process, that all planning procedures should be adhered to in order to achieve successful project implementation in Kapenguria Constituency, and last but not least that there should be adequate measures and goodwill to curb corruption and misappropriation of funds intended to benefit community members.

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Emmanuel Boachie, Yaw Obeng Asare

Information and Communication Technology has played a key role in the development of most sectors in the country which education is no exemption. Before the advent of technology in educational sector there was no policy of distance education until Information and Communication Technology was introduced at the teaching and learning process. The advent of Information and Communication Technology has necessitated the introduction of E-learning in the tertiary education across the globe which Ghana is no exception. Currently most of the tertiary institutions have introduced e-learning where some of their courses can be pursued online because of invention of ICT. A study has revealed that most of the people in the society are claiming that due to the advent of ICT, education has been brought to their door steps. Before the inception of ICT a lot people more especially workers were finding it difficult to pursue or further their education due to their time schedule. The study was to assess the negative impact ICT has made on the introduction of e-learning in Ghanaian educational sector.

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