International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

IJTEEE >> Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2015 Edition

International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289

The Role Of Environmental Impact Assessment In Environmental Sustainability Of Onitsha Metropolis In Anambra State, Nigeria.

[Full Text]



Nwokeji Paul Anulika, Obarisiagbon Osaze, Akatah Hilda Abiola, Enodiana Osamiabe Ignatius



KEYWORDS: environmental impact assessment, sustainable development



ABSTRACT: Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a process having the ultimate objective of providing decision-makers with an indication of the likely consequences of their actions or the official appraisal process to identify, predict, evaluate and justify the ecological, social, and related biophysical effects of a proposed policy, program or project on the environment, while sustainable development is the maintenance of ecological integrity. The present study investigates the level of development in the city of Onitsha in Anambra State, Nigeria, to ascertain whether it is a sustainable development, using the tool of EIA and its implementation as a parameter. The instrument used for data collection included literature review, field survey using questionnaire distribution, interviews and personal observation. The result of the research showed that a lot of development have taken place in the city of Onitsha which include building of residential houses, shops, industries, petroleum filling stations, road constructions, hospitals and schools but these developments are not sustainable especially those of Onitsha South Local Government Area because the environment is not put into consideration. The key tool for sustainable development, which is EIA, is not used in the process of these developments mentioned above. From the statistical analysis collected and analyzed using mann-whitney test shows that there is a significant different between the project executed in this city using EIA and the ones executed without the use of EIA (P < 0.05). The consequences of this unsustainable development have resulted in environmental degradation, pollution, health hazards, erosion, excessive heat, over flooding and lost of the vegetation. To return to the path of sustainable development, there is therefore the need to go back to the use and implementation of EIA results provide by decision makers and the proper implementation of environmental laws and policies.



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