International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

IJTEEE >> Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2014 Edition

International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289

Effects Of Dietary Supplementation With Urea Molasses Multi-Nutrient Block On Performance Of Late Lactating Local Ethiopian And Crossbred Dairy Cows

[Full Text]



Tekeba E, Wurzinger M, Zollitsch W J



Keywords: Crossbred -Dairy cow -Fogera -Molasses -Supplement -Urea



Abstract: An experiment was conducted on station, using a nested design in order to evaluate the effects of a Urea Molasses Multi-Nutrient Block (UMMB) supplementation of typical dry season, roughage based diets on the performance of second and third lactation local Fogera (Zenga) and their F1 Holstein Friesian crossbred cows in Ethiopia. Within each breed, cows were assigned either to a forage-based control diet or an experimental diet that was supplemented with UMMB, thereby creating four different treatments. During this experiment, cows were in late stage lactation and the diets supplied 35 and 40 MJ ME together with 380 and 517 g CP for control and supplemented Fogera cows, respectively and 47 and 54 MJ ME with 546 and 738 g CP for control and UMMB supplemented crossbred cows, respectively. A total of 16 lactating dairy cows (8 control and 8 supplemented) per breed were used for both experiments. Significant differences were observed between treatments on traits like saleable milk offtake, energy corrected milk, fat content of milk, and daily offtake of milk fat, milk protein and milk energy. For the milk and milk energy offtake, reproductive performance and benefit-cost ratio, the crossbred dairy cows were performing better than their Fogera counter parts regardless of the nutrient supply. Conversely, for milk quality traits the Fogera cows were superior to the crossbred cows. Supplementation with UMMB did not influence all the traits studied herein in the same manner in the different breeds. UMMB supplementation obviously allowed the crossbred cows to better express their greater genetic potential for milk production as compared to Fogera. The opposite was the case for milk fat content. From the data presented here, it is concluded that supplementing dairy cows with UMMB during the dry season is basically a helpful measure to maintain a satisfactory level of production and to improve important economic traits of milk production in Ethiopia. Depending on the availability of UMMB, priority in supplementation should however be given to cows with a high genetic potential for milk production.



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