International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

IJTEEE >> Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2015 Edition

International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289

User Friendliness Indices Affecting Adoption Of E-Learning By TIVETs

[Full Text]



Kosgei Ursella Chepkoech



Keywords: user friendliness, e-learning, adoption



ABSTRACT: Higher education and technical training institutions around the world are increasingly turning to e-learning as a way of dealing with growing and changing student populations. Factors affecting e-learning cover a broad spectrum of categories but are not conclusively defined and researched, and the relative importance of which is not clearly understood. This study sought to establish user friendliness indices affecting adoption of e-learning by TIVETs. The study used survey research design. A sample of 385 respondents was obtained from five selected TIVETs. Each of the TIVETs contributed 77 respondents to the study. Of these 77, 7 of them were teachers or instructors while the rest 70 were students or learners. Simple random sampling method was used to select students/learners and teachers/instructors at the TIVET level. The total study sample was therefore 385 respondents. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive statistical tools were used to analyze data. Descriptive statistics included mean scores, percentages and frequencies. The results show that majority of the teachers used face-to-face learning and few used e-learning. A significant proportion of the teachers indicated they do not use e-learning at all. This shows that e-learning is not fully integrated in TIVETs. This could be attributed to the e-learning systems in place that do not seem to address the needs of students and teachers. According to the students or learners, an e-learning system should be easy for them to learn and operate and be skillful; should be easy for them to get it to do what they want to do; generally student should find it easy to use; should adapt to the device and display in use (responsiveness); interface should be intuitive (user centric) and efficient; and it should allow information to be readily accessible to students and easy to find. The findings show that access to e-learning is low for students and teachers in TIVETs. This is due to a combination of factors key among them attitude of students and teachers towards use of e-leaning, interruption, and usability of available resources. All these are informed by user friendliness indices of e-learning system. This study concluded that technical training institutions have not adopted e-learning despite its obvious advantages. The little the TIVETs have tried towards adoption of e-learning, user friendliness of the systems they have created is poor. User friendliness of an e-learning system is a critical element for students/learners and teachers/instructors. The user friendliness indices affecting adoption of e-learning include ease of use, reliability, efficiency, memorability, errors and satisfaction. This study recommends that TIVETs should adopt e-learning to tap into advantages associated with this method of learning. TIVETs should work in collaboration with teachers and learners to ensure e-learning that they adopt is user friendly hence useful to both the students and learners. Teachers and learners should support their TIVETs in developing an e-learning system that suits their learning needs.



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