International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

IJTEEE >> Volume 2 - Issue 11, December 2014 Edition

International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289

Rate Of Strength Development Of Concrete Made Using Selected Nigerian Cement Brands

[Full Text]



Joseph A. Anejo, Raymond M. Damen



Key words: Cement Brands, Concrete, Development, Rate, Strength



ABSTRACT: Concrete is a versatile construction material. Its most critical property is the compressive strength. The basic constituents of concrete are a cementitious material and aggregates. The most common type of cementitious material used for concrete in Nigeria is Ordinary Portland Cement. The strength of concrete and the rates at which it is developed depends largely on the type and quality of cement. The rates of strength development of concrete using some selected brands of cement in the Nigerian market were investigated by means of laboratory tests. It was established that, the concrete develops an average of 26% of the 28 day strength in 1 day and 85% in 21 days. It is concluded that concrete develop strength rapidly at early age compared to later ages. Most cement brands in Nigeria develop strength at satisfactory rates.



[1] M.M. Hasan and Kabir, Prediction of Compressive Strength of Concrete from Early Age Test Result. 4th Annual Paper Meet and 1st Civil Engineering Congress, December 22-24, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2011.

[2] C. Yeh., Generalisation of Strength versus Water-Cementitious Ratio Relationship to Age. Cement and Concrete Research 36, pp. 1865-1873, 2006.

[3] K. Jankovic, D.Nikolic, D. Bojovic, L. Loncar and Z. Ramakov, The Estimation of Compressive Strength of Normal and Recycled Aggregate. Facta Univerzitates– Architecture and Civil Engineering Vol. 9, No 3, pp. 419-431, 2011.

[4] M. a.a. Abd elaty, Compressive Strength Prediction of Portland Cement Concrete with Age Using a New Model. HBRC Journal (2013).

[5] Anonymous, Rate of Strength of Concrete. www.aboutcivil.org/concrete-strength-gain-rate.html. Accessed 26/07/2014.

[6] K.F El-Nemri, Effect of Different Curing Systems on the Mechanical and Physico-Chemical properties of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Rubber Vulvcanizates. Material and Design, Vol. 32, No 6, pp. 3361-3369, 2011.

[7] F. Bruce, C.A. Davy, F. Skoczylas, N. Burlion and X. Bourbon., Effect of Temperature on the Water Retention Properties on Two High Performance Concretes. Cement Concrete Research, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 384-396, 2012.

[8] G. Mishra, Why do we Test Concrete Compressive Strength after 28 Days? www.theconstructor.org/why-we-test-concrete-after-28-days. Accessed 25/07/2014.

[9] A.A.J. Yahia, The Maturity Method: Modification to Im-prove Estimation of Concrete Strength at Later Ages. Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 20, pp. 893-900, 2006.

[10] British Standard Institutio, BS EN 197-1:2000 Cement. Part 1: Composition, Specifications and Conformity Criteria for Common Cements. London, British Standard Institution, 2000.