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International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)
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IJTEEE >> Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2015 Edition



International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289



Bioenhancing Efficacy Of Plant And Animal Origin Bioproducts Against Xanthomonas Campestris In Citrus Plant

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

S.Pradeep Kumar, V.Nithya Devi

 

KEYWORDS

Keywords: Alkaloids, Citrus plant, Cow urine extract, Lamiaceae, Phytochemical analysis, Xanthomonas campestris pv citri.

 

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Bioenhancers are substances that increase the bioavailability and the uptake of drugs in combination therapy. It has been found that cow dung, cow urine and its distillate also possess bioenhancing ability. They act through several mechanisms of action affecting mainly absorption process, drug metabolism or action on drug-target. Drugs from the plants are easily available, less expensive, safe, and efficient and rarely have side effects. In the present study we investigated, the bioenhancing role of cow urine on antibacterial activity of organic extract of leucas aspera Linn, Antibacterial activity of organic fraction alone and in the combination of cow urine was determined against Xanthomonas campestris pv citri. All extracts and fractions were effective and showed 7 mm to 14 mm zone of inhibition. The Chloroform extract (12 mm) and cow urine extract (14 mm) showed great antibacterial activity. The antibacterial effect cow urine combination of extract was higher than the inhibition caused by extract alone and is suggestive of the bioenhancing role of cow urine. Results of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) Alcohol and aqueous extracts had lowest value 5.55 µg/ml while highest 16.85 µg/ml shown by Ethyl acetate extract respectively. The cow urine extract had 6.15 µg/ml. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of secondary metabolites like alkaloids, flavones, steroids, flavones, tannins, terpinoids, quinines, phenols, steroids, phlobotanins and glycoside. These results indicate that the cow urine has antimicrobial activities, which supports the claim of traditional practitioners. Further studies on mechanism involved in bioenhancing effect of cow urine are under investigation.

 

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