IJTEEE
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)
PREVIOUS PUBLICATIONS



IJTEEE >> Volume 3 - Issue 10, October 2015 Edition



International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289



Some Environmental And Biological Characteristics Of Ephemeral Pools In The State Of Kuwait

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Wasmia Al-Houty, Manaf Behbehani, Mishari Aborbiya

 

KEYWORDS

Key words: Kuwait, desert, ephemeral pools, Biota, chemistry

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: A study of the flora, fauna, environmental parameters and chemical analyses of water and sediment in 12 ephemeral pools in the State of Kuwait was conducted at various dates during 2013-2015 to assess their physical, chemical and biological characteristics. The flora in and around the pools was represented by 11 species of flowering gymnosperm plants belonging to 7 orders dominated by representatives of Caryophyllales in addition to one species of the genera Rhizophora. A total of 21 faunal species were found belonging to two phyla only; Arthropoda (Insecta, Crustacea and Arachnida) and Chordata (Amphibia and Pisces). The insects were represented by 5 orders with 15 species in various developmental stages in comparison with only two species of Crustacea and one species each for Arachnida, Amphibia and two species of Pisces.No significant differences were found between pools in most of their environmental characteristics except for salinity.Some pools showed higher values for sulphate concentration in the water and the soil due to receiving treated sewage water. Others had very high values of chloride and nitrate.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Clayton, D. & Pilcher, C. 1983. Kuwait`s natural History. Kuwait Oil Company, Kuwait, 351

[2] Nash, M.H. & Whitford, W.G. 1995. Subterranean termites: Regulators of soil organic matter in Chihuahuan Desert Biology Fertility of Soil 19:15-18

[3] Williams, W.D. 1985. Biotic adaptations in temporary lentic waters, with special reference to those in semi- arid and arid regions. Hydrobiology 125: 85-110

[4] Calhoun, E.A .2004.Vernal pools: Natural History and conservation. The McDonald and Woodward Publishing Company, Granville, OH.426

[5] De Deckker, P. and Geddes, M.C. (1980). Seasonal fauna of ephemeral saline lakes near the Coorong Lagoon, South Australia.Aust.J.Mar. Freshwater Research 3 (5): 677-699

[6] Al-Houty, W. & Angus, R.B. 1999. A preliminary account of some families of aquatic Coleoptera of Kuwait. Koleopterologische Rundschau 69: 183- 186

[7] Zedler, P.H. 1987. The ecology of southern California vernal pools: A community profile Biological Report 85 (7.11), National Wetlands Research Center, U.S. Fish and wildlife Service, Washington.D.C. 139

[8] Williams, D.D. 1983. The natural history of a Nearctic temporary pond in Ontario with remarks on continental variation in such habitats. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie 68:239-253

[9] Grzimek, B. 1972. Grizimek`s animal life encyclopedia, vol.1 " Lower animals " New York; Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.

[10] Bask, y. 1994. California ephemeral vernal pools may be a good model for speciation. Bioscience 44: 384-388

[11] Calhoun, A.J. & P.G. deMaynadier 2008. Science and conservation of vernal pools in Northeastern North America.CRC Press, New York, NY.363