International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

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International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289

The Chemistry Of Natural Product: Plant Secondary Metabolites

[Full Text]



Nwokeji Paul Anulika, Enodiana Osamiabe Ignatius, Ezenweani Sunday Raymond, Osaro-Itota Osasere, Akatah Hilda Abiola



Metabolites, Phytochemicals, Natural products, Biosynthesis



Natural products are those chemical compounds or substances that are isolated from living organism. It can be in form of primary or secondary metabolites. Plant secondary metabolites are organic compounds or phytochemicals that are not directly involved in the normal growth, development or reproduction of the plant. These secondary metabolites are classified into three namely; Terpenes, Phenolic compounds and Nitrogen-containing compounds. Their biosyntheses are derived from primary metabolism pathways, which include tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA), methylerithrotol phosphate (MEP) pathway, mevalonic and shikimic acid pathway. They can be extracted from plants using organic solvents and modern separation techniques to get the analyte of interest. Their economic importance include their role in antimicrobial, pharmaceuticals, plant defence against herbivory, fragrance, stimulants, toxicity, attractant, plant breeding, physiological stress response, and allelopathtic effect.



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