International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

IJTEEE >> Volume 3 - Issue 11, November 2015 Edition

International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289

Impact Of Groundwater Quality On Soil Properties And Crop Production Under Khartoum State Condition

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Ali Widaa Mohammed Elamin, Amir Bakheit Saeed, Nazar Ahmed Aballa, Nazar Abd Elrazig Elsheikh



Keywords :groundwater, water quality, yield losses, soil properties



ABSTRACT:The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of ground water (wells) quality on soil properties and okra (Abelmoschusesculentus) productivity under Khartoum state conditions, Sudan. The experiment was organized in a complete randomized design with three replicates. Samples of groundwater and soils nearby the water source were taken from: Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman. The measured parameters for both water and soil were K, Na, Ca, Mg, CO3, HCO3, SO4, pH and EC, as well as crop yield (kg/ha). Chemical analysis showed that the level of different constituents of ground water at the three locations was conforming to FAO standards for irrigation water except SAR which was found higher than the standard. On the other hand there were significant differences (P < 0.05) among them. Khartoum North recorded the highest values of pH, EC, HCO3 and SAR, while the lowest values of (SAR and EC) and (pH, HCO3 and SO4) recorded with Khartoum and Omdurman, respectively. The soil analysis revealed that the ground waters have noticeable effect on soil chemical properties. Whereas, Khartoum North revealed the highest values of pH and EC, while the lowest values of EC were recorded in Khartoum. The amounts of yield as collected from Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman were 384, 288, 324 kg/ha respectively. The values of yield loss per unit of` salinity were found to be 71.52, 36.24 and 21.84 kg/ha/ds/m for Khartoum, Omdurman and Khartoum North, respectively. Hence, it was concluded that the groundwater in Khartoum state has slight variation in quality from location to location inside the state.



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