The Demand For Esp Course In Ethiopian Context: Implications Drawn From The Studies On Esp
Dr. Deepika Nelson, Adinew Tadesse, Dr.Julia Devardhi
Keywords: English for Specific Purpose, Need Analysis, Target needs, Implications
ABSTRACT: From the early 1960s English for Specific Purposes (ESP) has grown to become one of the most prominent areas of English foreign language teaching. It has constantly given insight into the structures and meanings of texts, the demands placed by academic or workplace contexts on communicative behaviors, and the pedagogic practices by which these behaviors can be developed. In this paper “ The Demand for ESP course in Ethiopian Context: Implication drawn from the studies on ESP” The study attempts to identify the deficiency analysis based on the recent research done by the master students of TEFL, in Haramaya University, Ethiopia. The purpose of this study is to identify the English language needs of the students in relation to academic requirements at Haramaya University. An in-depth qualitative content analysis was done based on the implications drawn from the study. . An ESP text evaluation checklist containing nine items was adapted from Cunnings Worth (1995), which states that the Instructional materials need to be evaluated to ensure that they correspond to learner needs, reflect real language uses and facilitate the learning process. To identify the students’ English language target needs, as in the case of the present study, Needs Analysis is the most appropriate method to know about the nature and content of the learners’ target language needs. It has been observed that General English does not address the needs of potential students who may be from different disciplines. Research on educational practices and projections about future needs in society contribute to current understanding of the structure of ESP course. Therefore It is the best timely to study this situation because of the growing grievance about the English language communicative abilities of students in the country in general, and college trainees in particular, by employers, teachers and other concerned bodies. This problem can be attributed, among others, to teaching students language courses designed without appropriate needs analysis survey.
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