International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

IJTEEE >> Volume 1 - Issue 2, September 2013 Edition

International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289

A Case Study On Biofuel Stove Technology: Jatropha As A Biofuel

[Full Text]



Ashok Yadav, Prakash Chandra Jha



Keywords : burners, wick stove, modified jatropha pure oil stove, modification



Abstract: The study was done on Jatropha bio fuel stove technology. The study deals with comprehensive literature review followed by technical modifications. The wick stove proto type designed for kerosene burning was chosen for the study. The concepts for preliminary design and pre-modifications were drawn on the basis of observations received during testing of proto type to burn with Jatropha oil. Then final modifications of the wick stove were performed technically to make it compatible with burning Jatropha oil. The proto type after modifications contained 1.5 liters tank with three supporting stands. It contained wick burning mechanism exposed with loose 10 single rope cotton woven wicks each of diameter 5 -5.5 mm arranged in a ring. The length of wick was adjusted to 4.5 cm so that the jatropha oil can transport upward easily. The multi-wick mechanism allows for air flow to occur around its enclosed stilt barrel configuration. This has the effect of reducing heat transfer to the fuel vessel and reduces the potential fuel loss in the vessel through evaporation. The cooling effect on the stilt wick reduces the transfer of heat to the fuel vessel, and thus the fuel within the fuel vessel remains below the dangerous flashpoint temperature even after long periods of use. Closer to the top of the enclosed stilt areas become hot during stove use. This has the effect of heating up the air that enters the burning area, thus making the stove more efficient.



[1] E. Stumpf "Plant oil as cooking fuel: development of a household cooking stove for tropical and subtropical countries”. Institute for Agricultural Engineering in the Tropics and Subtropics, Hohenheim University, Germany.

[2] Stumpf, E. & Mühlbauer, W. "Plant Oil Cooking Stove for Developing Countries"

[3] G. Martin and A. Mayeux, Curcas oil (Jatropha curcas L.): A possible fuel",; Agritrop, vol. 9 no. 2,1985

[4] LIDE and FREDRIKSE, 1995, Kollar et al., 1993

[5] Skibniewski, M., Russell, J. (1989): “Robotics Application in Construction,” AACE Cost Engineering Journal, American Association of Cost Engineers, Vol. 31, No. 6, June, pp. 10-18. Reprinted in Canadian Civil Engineer, Vol. 6, No. 6, Nov./Dec. 1989, pp. 1-5 (Part I) and Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan./Feb. 1990, pp. 3 and 16-18 (Part II) (Invited Paper)

[6] N.Carels et al. (eds.), Jatropha, Challenges for a new Energy Crop: Vol. I: Farming, Economics and Biofuel, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-8_11, Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012.

[7] BalázsOpper, PéterNémeth, Péter Engelmann, Cal-cium is required for coelomocyte activation in earthworms, Molecular Immunology, Volume 47, Issues 11–12, July 2010, Pages 2047-2056, ISSN 0161-5890, 10.1016/j.molimm.2010.04.008.

[8] Behera SK, Srivastava P, Tripathi R, Singh JP, Singh N (2010) Evaluation of plant performance of Jatropha curcas L. under different agro-practices for optimizing biomass - A case study. Biomass Bioenerg. 34:30-41

[9] Pompelli MF, Ferreira DTRG, Cavalcante PPGS, Salvador TL, Hsie BS, Endres L (2010b) Environmental influence on the physico-chemical and physiological properties of Jatropha curcas L. seeds. Aust. J. Bot. 58:421-427

[10] McKendry, P., 2002, Energy production from biomass (part 2): conversion technologies. Bioresource Technology, Vol. 83, pp. 47-54.

[11] J.S. Bridle, “Probabilistic Interpretation of Feedforward Classification Network Outputs, with Relationships to Statistical Pattern Recognition,” Neurocomputing—Algorithms, Architectures and Applications, F. Fogelman-Soulie and J. Herault, eds., NATO ASI Series F68, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 227-236, 1989. (Book style with paper title and editor)

[12] Demirbaş, A. and Demirbaş, M.F., 2003, Biomass and wastes: Upgrading alternative fuels. Energy Sources, Vol. 25, pp. 317-329.