IJTEEE

Open Access Journal of Scientific, Technology & Engineering Research


International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)
QUICK LINKS
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS



IJTEEE >> Volume 3 - Issue 7, July 2015 Edition



International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289



Enriched Air With Nitrogen And Analysing Nox Emission By Using Bio- Diesel As Fuel In Powered IC Engine

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

K. Ramesh

 

KEYWORDS

Keywords: Biodiesel, Jatropha Oil Methyl Ester, Nit rogen Oxides, Internal combustion Engines.

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The decreasing availability of fossil fuels pushes the nations have led to the development of alternative sources of energy which are renewable and environmental friendly. (E.g) Fossil fuels (coal,oil and gasU235,U233 ,hydropower etc. These are also known as raw energy resources.Fuel is a substance which burns continuously when raised to its ignition temperature in the presence of oxygen or air. The alternate energy sources which are available for Automotive are Bio Diesel, Solar energy, electric energy and Hydrogen energy. Among the various energy sources Bio-Diesel is recognized as the most feasible and affordable source of energy for future. When Bio-Diesel is a fuel to be considered, the availability of fuel, CO, HC emissions, engine adaptability to fuel, lubrication property, performance of Engine are likely good, and engine noise is less. But when emissions are analyzed, there is a sharp increase in the NOx emission. The valuable reason for increase in NOx formation is due to the higher oxygen content of the Bio-Diesel. This increase in NOx emissions also acts as a major hindrance in commercializing the use of Bio-Diesel, and also NOx causes adverse effect on human beings and Ozone. This research paper is aimed to make a way for commercial use of bio diesel on light duty diesel vehicles by reducing the NOx emission with minimum sacrifice on performance. NOx emissions in a Bio diesel fuel engine can be reduced by enriching Nitrogen in the engine intake air, since Nitrogen gas reduces the O2 available for combustion, reducing the flame temperature. This research paper deals with determining the NOx emission in an engine by using conventional Diesel as fuel.This paper also determining the NOx emission in an engine by using JOME (Jatropha Oil Methyl Ester) [B 100] as fuel,and determining the NOx emission with Nitrogen enrichment using B 100 as fuel. These experimental results can be used to establish that NOx can be reduced in Bio diesel powered IC engine by enriching air with Nitrogen.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Membrane-based air composition control For light-duty diesel vehicles: a benefit And cost assessment K. Stork and R. Poola, Center for Transportation Research, Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439

[2] W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems (Book style).Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123 135Experimental Investigation of Pongamia, Jatropha and Neem

[3] Methyl Esters as Biodiesel on C.I. Engine T. Venkateswara Rao, G. Prabhakar Rao, and K. Hema Chandra Reddy.

[4] R. K. Malhotra and N. R. Raje(2003). Bio Fuels as Blending Components forGasoline and Diesel Fuels.SAE Paper No. 2003-26-0011B.

[5] Tiegang Fang,Yuan-chung Lin,Tien Mun Foong and Chia-fon F. Lee(2008).Spray and Combustion Visualization in an Optical HSDI Diesel Engine Operated in Low-Temperature Combustion Mode with Bio-diesel and Diesel Fuels.SAe Paper No.2008-01-1390.

[6] Daisuke Kawano, Hajime Ishii, Yuichi Goto and Akira Noda (2007). Effect of Exhaust Gas Recirculation on Exhaust Emissions from Diesel Engines Fuelled with Biodiesel. SAE Paper No. 2007-24-0128.

[7] V Pradeep and R P Sharma (2005).Evaluation of Performance, Emission and Combustion Parameters of a CI Engine fuelled with Bio-Diesel .SAE Paper No.2005-265-353.

[8] Oxidation Stability, Engine Performance and Emissions Investigations of Karanja, Neem and Jatropha Biodiesel and Blends, Deepak Khurana and Avinash Kumar Aarwal 2011-01-0617.

[9] C. D. Rakopoulos, D. T. Hountalas and T. C. Zannis. Theoretical Study Concerning the Effect of Oxygenated Fuels on DI Diesel Engine Performance and Emissions SAE technical paper series 2004-01-1838.

[10] V.Pradeep & V. Manieniyan and S. Sivaprakasam and (Jiro Senda,Nobunori Okui, Tokihiro Tsukamoto and Hajime Fujimoto). Investigation of Diesel Engine Using Bio-Diesel (Methyl Ester of Jatropha Oil) for Various Injection Timing and Injection Pressure. SAE technical paper No: 2008-01-1577.

[11] Performance Parameter Analysis of a Biodiesel-Fuelled Medium Duty Diesel Engine, Brandon T. Tompkins, Jason Esquivel and Timothy J. Jacobs SAE technical paper series 2009-01-0481.

[12] Daisuke Kawano, Hajime Ishii, Yuichi Goto and Akira Noda (2007). Effect of Exhaust Gas Recirculation on Exhaust Emissions from Diesel Engines Fuelled with Biodiesel. SAE Paper No. 2007-24-0128.

[13] Performance and Emission Characteristics of a 780 hp CIDI Military Diesel Engine Operated on Karanja Oil Methyl Ester Biodiesel Applying EGR with Supercharging Anand Kumar Pandey, Milankumar Nandgaonkar SAE technical paper series 2011-01-0639.