Analysis Of Factors Related Cholinesterase Activities To The Family Farmers In Pattapang Sub District Of Malino
Maarifah Dahlan, Tjipto Suwandi, Linda Dewanti
Keywords : families of farmers, profenofos, cholinesterase activity
ABSTRACT: Pesticides of systemic class widely used by farmers in Indonesia, including those in Kelurahan Pattapang, are organophosphates with profenofos as the active substance. The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with blood cholinesterase activity in the families of horticultural farmers spraying organophosphate insecticides in Kelurahan Pattapang. Methods: This study was a quantitave and observational-analytical survey with a cross-sectional design. Population was the families of farmers spraying organophosphates, as much as 175 people. A sample of 92 people, consisting of 46 husbands and 46 wives, was selected by using the simple random sampling technique. Results: Results of the examination of blood cholinesterase activity showed an average value of 11400 U/L with a minimum value of 7304 U/L and maximum value of 16882 U/L. Results of the biner logistic regression analysis indicated that a poor personal hygiene had a 4-times higher risk for decreased cholinesterase activity compared with a good personal hygiene. The more the personal protective equipment (PPE) were used, the less the chance for cholinesterase activity (0.2 times), and for each one-hour increase in blood sampling and spraying interval the risk of ChE ˂11.400 would be increased by 1.4 times. Conclusion: Protecting the body by using PPE and keeping the body clean after having contact with pesticides can help the families of farmers to avoid from the decrease cholinesterase activity.
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