International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

IJTEEE >> Volume 2 - Issue 5, May 2014 Edition

International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289

Adsorption Kinetics Of Nickel (II) Onto Activated Carbon Prepared From Natural Adsorbent Rice Husk.

[Full Text]



Mervette.El Batouti





The batch adsorption of Ni(II) onto activated carbon prepared from an agriculture applies to analyze adsorption data and were found to be applicable to these adsorption process. The reaction was effect of initial concentrations, adsorption dose, contact time and pH dependent .The latter was found to control efficiency of nickel removal. The kinetics of adsorption and extent of adsorption at equilibrium are rice husk has been studied. Langmuir and Freundich adsorption isotherm models were dependent on the physical and chemical characteristics of the adsorbent, adsorbate and experimental system. In comparison with other metals, nickel removal is poor, and possible reasons are discussed. The results show that the amount of adsorption of Ni++ increases with initial metal ion concentration, contact time and solution pH but decreases with amount of adsorbent and temperatures. The adsorption process has fit pseudo-first order kinetic model. Thermodynamic parameters e.g. ΔG°, ΔS° and ΔH° of the adsorption process was found to be endothermic. Finally it can be seen that activated carbon was found to be effective for removal of Ni++.



[1]. T. Okuda, ISugano and T. Tsiyi, Futration and Separation 12, 475, 1975

[2]. S. K. R. Ouki, R. D. Neufeld, J. of Chemical Technology and Brotechnology 70, 3, 2009

[3]. H. S. Altundogan, process Biochemistry, 40, 1443, 2005

[4]. G. Rojas, J. Silva, J.A. Flores, A. Rodreguez and M. L'Maldonado 44, 31, 2005

[5]. Zhitkovich, G, Quievryn, J. Messa and Z. Motylevich, Metal Toxicity 110, 729, 2002

[6]. R. Myers, J. M. Myers, B. P. Carsteen and W. E. Antholine, Toxic Substance Mechanisms 19, 25, 2000

[7]. T. Norseth, Environmental Health Perspectives 40, 121, 1981

[8]. L. Dupont, E. Guimon, Environmental Science and Technology 37, 4235, 2003

[9]. M. Cieslak, Gelonka Polyhedon 15, 3667, 1995

[10]. Z. Kowalski, J. of Hazardous Material 37, 137, 1994

[11]. L. B. Singh, D. R. Singh, Environmental Technology 23, 85, 2002

[12]. F. N. Acar, E. Malkoe, L. Bioresource Technology 94, 13, 2004

[13]. G. Tiravanti, D. Petrluzzelli and R. passin, Water Science and Technology 36, 197, 1997

[14]. C. C. George (1995) Electroplating Waste Water Pollution Control Technology Noyes Publications Park Ridge 30-39

[15]. S. Dohi, M. Azzi and M. guardi, J. of Analytical Chemistry 363, 404, 1995

[16]. J. Goel , K. Krishna, Rchiro and K. Vinod, J. Hazard Mater B 125, 211, 2005

[17]. M. Vatix, W. H. Cheung and K. Zhang, J. of Hazardous Material 135, 395, 2006

[18]. L. Uzun, F. Guzel Tune, J. chem.. 24, 291, 2000

[19]. S. Ricordel Sep Puruf Technology 24, 389, 2001

[20]. S. Lagergrem Handlingar 24, 1, 1898

[21]. Balasubramaniam R., Perumal S. V., Vijayaraghavan K., (2009). Equilibrium isotherm studies for the multicomponent adsorption of lead, zinc, and cadmium onto Indonesian peat. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 48, 2093-2099.

[22]. K. L. Dorris, J. of Hazardous Material 80, 33, 2000

[23]. J. Zeldowitsch Acta Physiochem URSS 1, 364, 1934

[24]. D. C. Sharma, C. F. Forster, Bioresource Technology 49, 31, 1994

[25]. K. Mohanty, M. Jha, B. C. Meikap and M. N. Biwas, Chemistry Engineering J. 117, 71, 2006

[26]. C. Namasivayam, K. Kadirvelu and M. Kumuthu, Bioresource Technology 64, 77, 1998

[27]. U. K. Garg, M. P. Kaur, V. K. Garp and D. Sud, Hazard Mater 140, 60, 2007

[28]. Anon (1995) Standar Methods for Examination of Water and Waste Water 19th, Washington U.S.A. ,D C , American Public Health Association 6210 C