International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

IJTEEE >> Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2014 Edition

International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289

Assessment Of Cattle Husbandry Practices In Burji Woreda, Segen Zuria Zone Of SNNPRS, Ethiopia

[Full Text]



Seid Guyo, Berhan Tamir



Keywords: cattle husbandry, constraints, crop residues, natural pasture and rangelands



ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to assess cattle husbandry practices in the crop-livestock production system areas of the highland and mid-altitude and pastoralists in the lowlands of Burji woreda of Segen Zurea zone of southern Ethiopia. The cattle husbandry practices were assessed based on one time field visit, questionnaire survey and focus group discussions in highland, mid-altitude and lowland altitude. A total of 100 farmers were selected randomly from 10 peasant associations, which are selected based on proportion of peasant associations exist in each altitude zones of peasant association. The survey showed that the majorities 81% of household heads under investigation were males and the rest 19% were female. The average family size in the highlands, mid-altitudes and pastoral areas were 9.00.5, 9.40.3 and 11.10.5 respectively. Average livestock holding per household varied across the altitude zones, especially cattle and oxen holding per household in highland, midland and lowland altitude zones were, 13.72 cattle and 4.10.4 oxen, 11.61 cattle and 3.980.3 oxen and 29.32.5 cattle and 6.20.4 oxen respectively. Natural pasture is the major feed resource of the woreda, but communal grazing land in their area is dwindling at an alarming rate. Crop residues provided the second major feed resources for livestock, particularly during the dry season when biomass of natural grazing lands is very low. The constraints to cattle production system were feed shortage, drought, and diseases and parasites particularly Trypanosomiasis, shortage of grazing land, veterinary services, extension services, marketing and other infrastructures. Hence, more emphasis should be given to improving livestock productivity through strong extension services in proper management of the rangelands, feed conservation, crop residues treatment, healthcare and provision of credit facility.



[1]. Agajie, T., Ebrahim, J., Sitotaw, F. and David, G. S. 2005. Technology Transfer Pathways and Livelihood Impact Indicators in Central Ethiopia. Journal of Tropical Animal Health and Production. 37 (1): 101-122.

[2]. Alemayehu, M. 2004. Pasture and Forage Resource profiles of Ethiopia. Ethiopia/FAO. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp19.

[3]. Alemayehu, M. 2005. Feed resources base of Ethiopia: Status limitations and opportunities for integrated development. In: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP) held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, August 12-14, 2004. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp410.

[4]. Alganesh, T., Mathewos, B. and Gizaw, K. 2004. Survey on Traditional Livestock Production Systems in Manasibu District of West Wallaga, Ethiopia. Farm Animal Biodiversity in Ethiopia: Status and Prospects. In: Proceedings of the 11th Annual conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP) held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp 441

[5]. Amaha, K. 2006. Characterization of rangeland resources and dynamics of the pastoral production system in the Somali region of eastern Ethiopia. PhD thesis, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa. pp 232

[6]. Arsham, H. 2007. Questionnaire design and survey sampling. http//www.mirror service. Org/site/hom.ubaltedu/ntsbarsh/Business-stat.

[7]. Aune, J., Bussa, M., Asfaw, F. and Ayele, A. 2001. The ox ploughing system in Ethiopia: can it be sustained? Outlook on Agriculture. 30: 275-280.

[8]. Azage, T. and Alemu, G. 1998. Prospects for peri-urban dairy development in Ethiopia. In: Proceedings of 5th national conference of Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP), May 1517, 1997, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp 248.

[9]. Beruk, Y. 2003. Drought and Famine in the pastoral areas of Ethiopia. In: Proceedings of Conference on Pastoral Development in Ethiopia. Pastoral Forum of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp156-189.

[10]. BwOARD. 2008. Report of Burji woreda Office Agricultural and Rural Development, on Rural Development Principles, Policies and communal resource management and protection.

[11]. CARE-Ethiopia. 2009. CARE-Ethiopia has contracted out YONAD Business Promotion and Consultancy Service in May 2009 to analyze the milk and milk products value chain in Borana pastoral community.

[12]. CSA. 2007. Ethiopian Agricultural Census. Sample Enumeration, Results for the SNNPS Region. Part IV

[13]. CSA. 2008a. Livestock and Livestock Characteristics, Agricultural Sample Survey. Volume II, Statistical Bulletin, 446, pp 188.

[14]. CSA. 2008b. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Central Statistical Agency. Agricultural sample survey. Volume. IV, Report on land utilization, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp 12-23.

[15]. CSA. 2009. Agricultural Sample Survey 2008/2009, Volume II Report on Livestock and Livestock Characteristics (Private and Peasant Holdings) Statistical Bulletin 446. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

[16]. Devendra, C. and Thomas, D. 2002. Crop-animal systems in Asia: importance of livestock and characterization of agro-ecological zones. Agricultural Systems, 71: pp5-15.

[17]. Elias, M., Berhanu, G., Hoekstra, D. and Jabbar, M. 2007. Analysis of the Ethio-Sudan cross-border cattle trade: The case of Amhara Regional State. IPMS (Improving Productivity and Market Success) of Ethiopian Farmers Project Working Paper 4. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya. pp41.

[18]. ESAP. 2002. Livestock in Food Security Role and Contributions. In: Proceedings of 9th annual conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP), August 30-31, 2001. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

[19]. Girma, Z. 2010. Bringing livestock development Actors into a uniplatform. In: Proceedings of the cahnet-ethiopia launching workshop held at ghion hotel, Addis ababa, 15th April 2010, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

[20]. Heffernan, C. 2004. Livestock and the Poor: Issues in poverty focused livestock development. Chapter 15, in: Responding to the Livestock Revolution: the role of globalization and implications for poverty alleviation. British Society of Animal Science, publication 33. University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom.

[21]. Ike, A. 2002. Urban dairying in Awassa, Ethiopia. University of Hohenheim. Institute of Animal production in the tropics and sub tropics. Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Germany.pp133

[22]. Kedija, H., Azage, T., Mohammed, Y. and Berhanu, G. 2008. Traditional cow and camel milk production and marketing in agro-pastoral and mixed crop-livestock systems: The case of Mieso District, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. (IPMS) Improving Productivity and Market Success of Ethiopian Farmer, Project Working Paper, 13. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya. 56:1-3.

[23]. Mohamed, A., Ahmed, A., Ehui, S. and Yemesrach, A. (2004): Dairy Development in Ethiopia. EPTD discussion paper No. 123. International Food Policy Research Institute. Washington, DC. U.S.A. pp41.

[24]. Negussie, G. 2006. Characterization and evaluation of urban dairy production system of Mekele city, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. M.Sc.thesis, HawassaUniversity. Awassa, Ethiopia.

[25]. Seyoum, B. Getnet, A. and Abate, T. 2001. Present Status and Future Direction in Feed Resources and Nutrition Research Targeted for Wheat Based Crop-Livestock Production System in Ethiopia. In: Wheat and Weeds: Food and Feed. Proceeding of the Two Stake Holder Workshops, CIMMYT, Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Pp 207-226.

[26]. Shitahun, M. 2009. Feed Resources Availability, Cattle Fattening Practices and Marketing System in Bure Woreda, MSc. thesis. Faculty of Dry Land Agriculture and Natural Resources. Livestock Production and Pastoral Development. Mekelle university, Ethiopia.

[27]. Solomon, B. 2004. Assessment of livestock production system and feed resource base in Sinana Dinsho Distirct of Bale highlands, South East Oromiya. M.Sc. Thesis presented to the school of graduate studies of Alemaya University of Agriculture.

[28]. Solomon, B., Solomon, M. and Alemu, Y. 2008a. Influence of rainfall pattern on grass/legume composition and nutritive value of natural pasture in Bale highlands of Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development. http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd20/3/.Accessed on January 21,201.

[29]. Solomon, B., Solomon, M. and Alemu, Y. 2008b. Potential Use of Crop Residues as Livestock Feed Resources under Smallholder Farmers Conditions in Bale highlands of Ethiopia. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Agro ecosystems. 8(2008):107-114.

[30]. SPSS. 2007.Statistical package software for social science (2007) version 16.00. SPSSin.c.1989-2007, USA

[31]. Tafesse, M. 2001. What should a pastoralist development strategy continue towards poverty reduction among pastoral communities in Ethiopia? In: Proceeding of 2nd Annual Conference on Pastoral development in Ethiopia. Pastoral Forum in Ethiopia, May 22-23, 1999. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp136.

[32]. Tesfaye, M. 2007. characterization of cattle milk and meat production, Processing and marketing system in metema district, Ethiopia. M.sc. Thesis. Awassa College of agriculture, school of graduate studies Hawassa University Awassa, Ethiopia.

[33]. Tessema, Z., Aklilu, A. and Ameha, S. 2003. Assessment of the livestock production system, available feed resources and marketing situation in Belesa Woreda: A case study in drought prone areas of Amhara Region. In: Proceedings of the 10th annual conference of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP) held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, August 22-24, 2002. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Pp165-175.

[34]. Tsedeke, K. (2007): Production and Marketing Systems of sheep and goatsin Alaba, southern Ethiopia MSc Thesis. University of Hawassa. Awassa, Ethiopia.

[35]. Tsegaye, B., Tolera, A. and Berg, T. 2008. Livestock production and feed resource constraints in Akaki and Lume districts, central Ethiopia. Outlook on Agriculture. 37(1): 1521.

[36]. Umar, A. and Baulch, B. 2007. Risk Taking for a Living: Trade and Marketing in the Somali Region of Ethiopia, UN OCHA-PCI, April, 2007.

[37]. Yeshitila, A. 2008. Efficiency of livestock feed resources utilization and forage development in Alaba Woreda, Southern Ethiopia. MSc. Thesis, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, pp128.