IJTEEE

Open Access Journal of Scientific, Technology & Engineering Research


International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)
QUICK LINKS
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS



IJTEEE >> Volume 3 - Issue 2, February 2015 Edition



International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289



Hazards Of Heavy Metal Contamination In Ground Water

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Tslalom Haileslassie, Kiflom Gebremedhin

 

KEYWORDS

Key terms: Heavy metals, waste treatment, cadimium, ground water.

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Heavy metal pollution is a problem associated with areas of intensive industry, road ways, areas of dumpsites and automobiles. Usage and their un controlled discharge in to the environment has caused last of hazards to man, other organisms and the environment itself. Over last three decades there has been increasing global Concern over the public health impacts attributed to environmental pollution, in particular, the global burden of disease. Improper management of solid waste is one of the main causes of environmental pollution and degradation in many cities , especially in developing countries many of these cites lack solid most regulations and proper disposal facilities, including for harmful waste. In high Dosages, these heavy metals are highly toxic to human, even deadly. The study was therefore aimed at evaluating the implication of Heavy metals on the groundwater surrounding a municipal solid waste. Different literatures dealt with heavy metals contamination on ground water were assessed. Contamination assessment revealed heavy metals to be extremely contaminated in the Groundwater. Heavy metals are found to be from anthropogenic source and correlated significantly with each other. Thus, Heavy metals if not checked could lead to major health problems like tooth discoloration, low mental development and kidney problems on the public.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Abdullahi, K. and Rooyle (1972): Heavy Metal Contamination of Rivers. Bulletin Geology, vol.22 (1 and 2) p 5-30.

[2] Clark J (2006) Rivers and their catchments: impact of landfill on water quality, Earth Sci. Branch, Scottish Natural Heritage p.2.

[3] Hem, J. D. (1980) Redox coprecipitation mechanisms of manganese oxides in Kavonaugh, M. C. and Leckie, J. O., eds., Particulates in water. Advances in chemistry Series, No. 180, Washington, D. C, American Chemical Society, p. 45-72,.

[4] Laniyan, T. A, Kehinde Phillips, O. O and Elesha, L, (2011). Hazards of heavy metal contamination on the groundwater around a municipal dumpsite in Lagos, Southwestern Nigeria. Earth Sciences Department.

[5] Nowierski, M.; Dixon, D. G.; Borgmann, U., (2006). Lac Dufault sediment core trace metal distribution, bioavailability and toxicity to Hyalella azteca. Environ. Pollut., 139 (3), p. 532 540.

[6] O. T. Oyeku and A. O. Eludoyin, (2010). Heavy metal contamination of groundwater resources in a Nigerian urban settlement, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

[7] Taha, A. S. El-Mahmoudi and I. M. El-Haddad, (2004). Pollution Sources and Related Environmental Impacts in the New Communities Southeast Nile Delta, Egypt. Department Of Geology, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

[8] W. H. O (World health organization) (1993). Guidelines for drinking water quality 2nd edition, Vol. 1, Recommendations.

[9] Zurbrugg C, SANDEC, EAWAG (2003). Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries, SWM introductory text on www.sanicon.net p. 5.