Effect Of Season On Proximate Composition Of Cladode Juice Of Two Species Of Cactaceae
A. Boutakiout, D. Elothmani, M. Mahrouz, H. Hanine
Keywords: cladode juice, proximate composition, minerals, polyphenols, antioxidant activity.
Abstract: This study evaluates the effects of harvesting seasons on proximate composition, polyphenols, and antioxidant activity of cladode juice of the two species Opuntia ficus-indica (spineless) and Opuntia megacantha (spiny) selected in Morocco. Proximate composition showed that cladode juice is rich in ascorbic acid (22.88 ± 0.62 mg /100 mL) and potassium (409.35 mg /100 mL) but poor in sugar (1.45 ± 0.03 g/100 mL). Total phenolics and antiradical activity gives high values ranging from 455.65 ± 7.63 to 542.70 ± 1.35 µg GAE/mL and from 1.78 ± 0.03 to 4.10 ± 0.02 µmol TE/mL respectively. The highest analyses values were recorded in summer. Correlation analyses indicated that there were two significant relationships (p<0.05) between analyses and the month of harvest and a second between analyses and cultivars. Results of the present study confirmed that components of cladode juice whose phyto-chemistry and phyto-pharmacology should be investigated further in order to detect possible phyto-therapeutic uses.
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