International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research (ISSN 2347-4289)

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International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research  
International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research

Website: http://www.ijteee.org

ISSN 2347-4289

Chemical Composition And Morphological Markers Of 35 Cultivars Of Sesame (Sesamum Indicum. L) From Different Areas In Morocco

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H. Rizki, F. Kzaiber, M. Elharfi, A. Nablousi, H. Hanine



Keywords: sesame seeds; protein; sugar; carotenoids; chlorophyll; dietary fiber.



Abstract: In this study, in order to know the variability for a breeding plant genetic diversity and relationships. Proximate composition, physicochemical and morphological analysis were carried out on sesame seeds (sesamum indicum), on 35 different cultivars from different areas in Morocco. The seeds were found to be a good source of protein with the values ranged from 26% to 28%, also the results showed that the seeds contained between 95, 25-96, 12% dry matter, 4,5-4,68% ash and 2,32-3,4% soluble sugar, the chlorophylls A, B were ranging between 0,090-0,112 mg/l and 0,115-0,113mg/l. the carotenoids compounds ranged between 0,070- 0,089 and the values of the starch were between 0,87 and 0,89%. The sesame seeds were a good source of dietary fibers yielding between 12,34-15,58% for the insoluble fibers and 5,09 -5,65% for the soluble ones. The traditional morphological descriptors of the seeds shows that the form large oval was predominated, the colour of the raw ranged from yellow to brown. The seeds length, width and thickness were ranging between 2,3-3,2mm, 1,2-2mm, 0,06-0,16mm respectively. Those results strongly suggest that due to its all favourable properties; sesame seeds and oil could be used in either food or cosmetic and pharmaceutical products.



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